This collection consists of 20 issues of the Verordnungsblatt des Militärbefehlshabers in Belgien und Nordfrankreich, containing the anti-Jewish measures ordained in Belgium, including: legislation on ritual slaughter, determining who is Jewish, the municipal registration of Jews as of the age of 15, the registration and marking of Jewish shops and restaurants with placards, the exclusions of Jews from certain professions (government, educational, press, judicial and later medical professions), the residency restrictions (curfew and relocation sites in Belgium), the creation of the Association of Jews in Belgium, the ban on travelling abroad, the expulsion of Jewish pupils from non-Jewish schools, the compulsory employment for the Jewish unemployed, the confiscation of Jewish property by the German Reich and the wearing of the yellow badge.
This collection consists of 13 files :
KD_00045_0001: Miscellaneous photographs of the Tolkowsky family from Antwerp, including Charles Tolkowsky as an officer in the Belgian Army during the First World War, André Tolkowsky, son of Charles Tolkowsky, member of the Belgian resistance during the Second World War, Alexander de Vries and his wife Denise Tolkowsky, photos of vacation colony villa Altol, pictures taken during holidays at the Belgian coast and at the Francorchamps race track.
KD_00045_0002: Documents concerning Denise Tolkowsky and Alexander de Vries, including poems, drawings, school reports, letters from Denise’s siblings and documents sent by the Feldkommandantur
KD_00045_0003: Documents concerning Charles Tolkowsky and Ginette Sevi and their sons André and Jacques, including documents regarding Charles’ military career and spoliation.
KD_00045_0004: Documents concerning Samuel Tolkowsky and Anna Kennes, parents of Denise Tolkowsky, including letters from family members.
KD_00045_0005: Documents concerning a trip to Congo of Alice Tolkowsky and Nicolas Boruchovitz. Maps, a menu from the ship, a concert program from the ship, a passenger list (1937).
KD00045_0006: Letters from Palestine/Israel sent by Samuel Tolkowsky (nephew of Samuel Tolkowsky, father of Denise Tolkowsky) to Ginette Sevi (1945-1950).
KD00045_0007: Letters from Alfred (?) addressed to Georges, comte de Charny (Avenue Marie Antoinette 42, Paris)
KD00045_0008: Postcards sent by the Tolkowsky family to the Netherlands (1917)
KD00045_0009 : Catalogue ‘L’Union Artistique des jeunes’ (1889).
KD00045_0010: Writing paper and envelope with the Tolkowsky logo.
KD00045_0011: Hand drawn map of France and England indicating the evolution of the military front (not digitised)
KD00045_0012: Items belonging to musician Alexander De Vries (glasses, bullet cases, fabrics, yellow star torn from clothing).
KD00045_0013: Recordings of TV interviews and films (not digitised)
This collection consists of the bank vaults which were not claimed by their original owners post-war. The owners were both Jewish and non-Jewish war victims or refugees who did not return to Belgium. The vaults do not contain any valuables, but documents including securities and personal documents, family photos, and objects such as cutlery, photo cameras and tableware.
This collection is not accessible to third parties. Relatives who might be entitled to the content of one of the vaults are requested to contact email@example.com
This collection contains 2,913 index cards which refer to the Möbelaktion (Räumung), the spoliation of Jewish homes, in Antwerp. Each index card contains the address of a plundered home, the name of the Jewish resident, the date of the clearance and a file number referring to a more comprehensive file, which no longer exists today.
KD_00577_0001 : Belgian passport used by Robert Borisewitz for fleeing to Brazil in 1940
KD_00577_0002: documents regarding the military career of pilot Oscar Borisewitz ; correspondence between brothers Oscar and Robert Borisewitz ; documents regarding the death of Oscar Borisewitz in Rabat, Morocco, in July 1942 ; photos of the headstone and aviator monument with Oscar Borisewitz’s name ; documents regarding the repatriation of Oscar’s body to Belgium after the war
KD_00577_0003: the charter granting pilot Oscar Borisewitz the title of chevalier in the Order of Leopold II
KD_00577_0004: telegrams sent in 1942-1944 by the Borisewitz family members in Antwerp, including mother Paulina Bernstein and brother Simon Borisewitz, via the Red Cross to Robert Borisewitz, in Brazil
KD_00577_0005: birth certificate of Simon Borisewitz ; a list of killed Jewish resistance fighters, including Simon Borisewitz, to be added to a new monument in Anderlecht in their honor ; a post-war letter describing the circumstances of the death of Simon Borisewitz in Ebensee
KD_00577_0006: letters written by Anna Horovits, widow of Simon Borisewitz, to her brother-in-law Robert Borisewitz in Brazil in 1945-1946, containing information regarding the deportation of their loved ones and life in Belgium after the war
KD_00577_0007: letters and telegrams from Jack Katz, friend of Simon Borisewitz, in South-Africa to Robert Borisewitz in Brazil regarding the fate of their loved ones in Belgium, 1944-1951
KD_00577_0008: post-war correspondence between Robert Borisewitz and his cousins Olga Jaul and Annette Richter regarding the adoption of his nephews René and Armand Borisewitz, children of Jacques Borisewitz and Hilde Bernhardt ; post-war letters from René and Armand Borisewitz to their uncle Robert Borisewitz ; post-war photos of René and Armand Borisewitz
KD_00577_0009: letters received by Robert Borisewitz from his cousins Olga Jaul and Annette Richter, 1942-1947
KD_00577_0010: two letters from 1940 sent by Oscar Borisewitz to the family of Elfriede Schreiber, future wife of Oscar’s brother Robert Borisewitz
KD_00577_0011: a letter sent by Robert Borisewitz in Brazil to his family in Antwerp in November 1944, but returned to Brazil because the family was no longer living at the given address
KD_00577_0012: post-war documents regarding the spoliation of the hiding place of the Borisewitz family in Hoboken
KD_00577_0013: reactions received by the family of Elfriede Schreiber, fiancée of Robert Borisewitz, in the summer of 1940 after the placement of an ad in local newspapers in an attempt to find information on Robert who served as a soldier during the Battle of Belgium (18 Days’ Campaign)
KD_00577_0014: official documents of Robert Borisewitz regarding his military service, his career as a lawyer in Belgium, his life in Brazil, etc.
KD_00577_0015: documents regarding the marriage of Robert Borisewitz and Elfriede Schreiber in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1941 ; documents regarding their platinum jubilee in 2011
KD_00577_0016: official documents of Mozes Borisewitz and his wife Paulina Bernstein, including their marriage certificate and Mozes’s death certificate from 1924
KD_00577_0017: pre-war, wartime and post-war photos from the extended Borisewitz family, including photos of the sports goods store Bonbony-Sports run by Simon and Jacques Borisewitz, photos of Simon Borisewitz as a gymnast for the Maccabi Antwerp athletics team and photos of the military career and funeral service of Oscar Borisewitz in Morocco ; booklet published in honor of the 25th anniversary of the Maccabi sports club in Antwerp in 1948
KD_00577_0018: documents regarding the adoption of Sylvain Borisewitz, son of Simon Borisewitz and Anna Horovits, by a dentist in the United States ; documents regarding the post-war research by Robert Borisewitz on the fate of his relatives ; a photo of Sylvain Borisewitz as a footballer
KD_00577_0019: letters sent by various Borisewitz family members in Antwerp and by Oscar Borisewitz in Morocco to Robert Borisewitz in Brazil in 1940-1942 describing daily life
KD_00577_0020: letters sent between May and August 1940 by Robert Borisewitz while serving as a soldier in the Belgian army, to his fiancée Elfriede Schreiber
KD_00577_0021: official documents of Elfriede Schreiber, wife of Robert Borisewitz, including her Polish passport
KD_00577_0022: documents regarding Robert Borisewitz’s work in Belgium as a lawyer, including his diploma from the Free University of Brussels and newspaper clippings regarding the cases he pleaded
KD_00577_0023: documents of Paulina Bernstein confiscated upon her internment at the Dossin barracks on 3 April 1944
This collection consists of: photos of the Aronsfrau-Hollander family, including photos of siblings Leonore, Norbert and Siegbert Aronsfrau as children and adults, photos of parents Leon Aronsfrau and Eva Hollander, photos taken during family vacations, a photo of Leon Aronsfrau during his military service and a photo of Norbert Aronsfrau with his rescuer Simone Goossens ; documents regarding the Aronsfrau-Hollander family, including Siegbert Aronsfrau’s fake ID, a letter sent to Siegbert Aronsfrau while detained at the Dossin barracks from his rescuer Simone Goossens, a post-war letter from Lucy Van Malderghem containing a postcard sent to her by Leonore Aronsfrau while Leonore was detained at the Dossin barracks, post-war letters from family members in the USA and Latin-America regarding the fate of the Aronsfrau family in Belgium during the war, documents regarding the recognition of Siegbert Aronsfrau as a political prisoner, post-war documents regarding the possible migration of Norbert and Siegbert Aronsfrau to the United States post-war documents from the Ministry of Reconstruction regarding the fate of Eva Hollander ; two pre-war prayer books.