This collection consists of 20 issues of the Verordnungsblatt des Militärbefehlshabers in Belgien und Nordfrankreich, containing the anti-Jewish measures ordained in Belgium, including: legislation on ritual slaughter, determining who is Jewish, the municipal registration of Jews as of the age of 15, the registration and marking of Jewish shops and restaurants with placards, the exclusions of Jews from certain professions (government, educational, press, judicial and later medical professions), the residency restrictions (curfew and relocation sites in Belgium), the creation of the Association of Jews in Belgium, the ban on travelling abroad, the expulsion of Jewish pupils from non-Jewish schools, the compulsory employment for the Jewish unemployed, the confiscation of Jewish property by the German Reich and the wearing of the yellow badge.
The archives of the Association of Jews in Belgium (AJB), donated to the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance by the Martin Buber Institute, contain almost 3,500 documents which cover over 40 topics, including : copies of German decrees, the statutes and procedures of the AJB, files of the general and local committees (Brussels, Antwerp, Liège and smaller cities), interventions by the AJB with the German authorities, population registration, Jewish schools and children’s homes, the Arbeitseinsatz (forced labour) for Organisation Todt (France), convocations for the SS-Sammellager Mecheln / Dossin barracks (including release or visit requests), correspondence received from camps in the east, Jewish property and economy, elderly and childcare, mixed marriages and research on Arian descent, Jews with special status (Hungarian, Russian and Turkish), social welfare, prisons, the Breendonk camp, Commission for Public Aid, the German-Palestinian exchange, correspondence with organisations or persons abroad, with the Public Safety Office and with Belgian authorities, interventions, the Jewish Placing Service, Red Cross, Winter Aid, financial records, contributions, gifts, Sperrstunden Ausweiss, German documents and post-war documents. The collection also includes the journal of AJB leader Salomon Van den Berg and a report by AJB leader Maurice Benedictus on the situation of Jews in Belgium in 1940-1942.
This collection consists of 4,058 documents confiscated by the Front de l’Indépendance (Independent Front) at the offices of the Association of Jews in Belgium (AJB) – “Aide Spéciale Malines” [Special Assistance Mechelen department], after the liberation. The documents can be divided in five sections :
- Correspondence of the AJB : between the leading committee and local committees, between local committees, between the AJB and German or Belgian officials, between the AJB and Suisse, German, French and Dutch organisations, etc.
- Lists : e.g. employees of the AJB, Organisation Todt workers, Jews who received a convocation for forced labour (Arbeitseinsatzbefehl), packages and letters delivered to the Dossin barracks, etc.
- Documents of the subdivisions responsible for education, interventions, “Aide Spéciale Malines”, social welfare, emigration, etc.
- Correspondence and documents regarding the activities of the “Aide Spéciale Malines” department.
- Financial files and accounting : salaries of the Organisation Todt workers, clearings, liquidations, budget, financial gifts, membership fees, etc.
This collection contains digital copies of two registries used to monitor the number of residents at the Jewish retirement home Scheut in Anderlecht. The institution housed 490 Jewish elderly men and women from September 1943 until December 1944. Each page contains four names and bibliographical information : name, date of birth, place of birth, profession, nationality, information on the spouse, date of arrival at Scheut and date of departure. The registries sometimes also refer to the way of arrival or departure of a person.
The collection "membership forms of the Association of Jews in Belgium" contains digitised copies of ca. 12,000 registration forms filled in by Jewish families in Belgium, which became members of this organisation as was required after the decree of 25 November 1941. Each form consists of the names of every family member living under the same roof, their dates and places of birth, their date of immigration, their faith, their profession, the family address, the number of rooms in the house and the property owner.
This collection consists of six files regarding the implementation of anti-Jewish measures in Sint-Jans-Molenbeek:
KD_00015_0001: Circulars addressed to the municipality of Sint-Jans-Molenbeek regarding the creation of a Jewish Register, the addition of a stamp ‘Jood-Juif’ on the ID cards of Jewish inhabitants, the elimination of the German nationality for Jews, the wearing of the yellow badge and the Arbeitseinsatz (convocations for forced labour) in August 1942
KD_00015_0002: The Jewish Register of Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, which consists of 553 forms. Each form lists the following information: surname, first names, date and place of birth, profession, nationality, religion, date of arrival in Belgium, the country of migration, successive addresses, date and place of registration, and the person’s signature, but also name, date and place of birth and religion of the spouse, the parents, the grandparents and the children. Children younger than 15 were registered on their parents’ entry.
KD_00015_0003: An alphabetical list of all Jews living in Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, mentioning their full name, date and place of birth, profession and address.
KD_00015_0004: A handwritten repertory of 140 Jews from Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, mentioning their name and the number of their form in the Jewish Register of the municipality.
KD_00015_0005: Copy of Le Moniteur belge – Belgisch Staatsblad (Belgian official journal) of 21 March 1942, containing the statutes of the Association of Jews in Belgium.
KD_00015_0006: Photos of the original binder containing the Jewish Register of Sint-Jans-Molenbeek
This collection contains an audio interview of Anna Erlich-Liberman and 22 photos of : the Liberman-Weinberg family, including their three daughters Bertha, Julia and Rosalia Liberman ; siblings Anna and Rosa Erlich ; Vital Bertrand Lieberman and comrades at the Les Mazures camp in France ; Anna Erlich and her friends at the home of the Jewish Association (AJB or Jewish Council) in Lasne ; pre-war photos of Erlich and Liberman family members whom remained in Poland ; pre-war photo of Fryda Liberman ; post-war photos of Anna Erlich, her husband Vital Bertrand Lieberman and other family members ; group photo of the members of the National Friends Association of Political Prisoners of the Dannes camp.