This collection consists of 20 issues of the Verordnungsblatt des Militärbefehlshabers in Belgien und Nordfrankreich, containing the anti-Jewish measures ordained in Belgium, including: legislation on ritual slaughter, determining who is Jewish, the municipal registration of Jews as of the age of 15, the registration and marking of Jewish shops and restaurants with placards, the exclusions of Jews from certain professions (government, educational, press, judicial and later medical professions), the residency restrictions (curfew and relocation sites in Belgium), the creation of the Association of Jews in Belgium, the ban on travelling abroad, the expulsion of Jewish pupils from non-Jewish schools, the compulsory employment for the Jewish unemployed, the confiscation of Jewish property by the German Reich and the wearing of the yellow badge.
This collection contains: a pre-war photograph of Barend and Rebecca van Velzen-Viskoper ; a postcard from the brothers Louis, Benjamin and Salomon van Velzen sent from camp Jawischowitz to the Papegaai family in Antwerp in 1943 ; a postcard from A. van Wien to Mathilda Randolfi sent from camp Westerbork ; a photograph of Benjamin van Velzen taken just after his repatriation in 1945 ; documents concerning the war damage suffered by the van Velzen family, including statements about the emptying of their house ; documents concerning Benjamin van Velzen's application for recognition as a political prisoner ; correspondence and certificates concerning the estate of Louis van Velzen and Sara Halberstadt ; documents concerning the application for Wiedergutmachung for the deported Adele Keyser ; post-war work permits of Benjamin van Velzen ; post-war identity card of Benjamin van Velzen ; registration at the commercial court of Benjamin van Velzen’s post-war business.
In this interview Sauveur Eskenazi talks about: his youth in Marseille, France ; his family's arrest and their internment in the camps Royallieu near Compiègne and Drancy near Paris ; their deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau ; his life as a forced labourer in Auschwitz, Warsaw and Dachau ; his liberation in Plzeň (Pilsen) by the Soviet army and his repatriation to France ; his post-war family life in Belgium.
In this interview Peisach alias Paul Bucholz talks about: his youth in Antwerp, Belgium ; his father's fate working as a forced labourer for Organisation Todt in France ; going into hiding with his mother Basze Laie Bucholz and younger brother Salomon in Silsburg in 1942 ; the separation of his youngest brother Jakob who was placed in hiding in Forest, Brussels ; his uncle Simon Bucholz fleeing to Spain ; the escape attempts of his uncle Aron Bucholz from the Dossin barracks and Transport XX.
This collection contains: documents of Michel Van West and his family, detained at the Dossin barracks and deported via Transport XXIV ; documents of René Basch, detained at and released from the Dossin barracks ; a statement on behalf of Max Kirschen confirming his release from the Dossin barracks ; Rose Goldine 's payment slip proving her membership of the Association of Jews in Belgium ; certificate exempting Charles Sternberg from wearing the yellow star ; order addressed to Laure Nejman-Reich to report to the Sipo-SD headquarters in Brussels ; one worn yellow star ; postcard from Max Margulies, deported from Drancy and working as a slave labourer in Jawiszowice, to his sister Hermine Margulies in Antwerp ; letter from the Association of Jews in Belgium accompanying the Arbeitseinsatzbefehl or work orders ; Arbeitseinsatzbefehl or work order addressed to Alta Bajla Czeresznja and Rozia Klarman, both deported from France ; leaflet of the Association of Jews in Belgium regarding the requirements of packages delivered to the Dossin barracks ; parcel request form filled out by Ida Radunska, liberated at the Dossin barracks, and Rosa Erlich and Sara Stefanie Spitz, both deported via Transport XXIII ; documents from the Red Cross regarding the delivery of parcels to the Dossin barracks ; circular letter from the city of Vilvoorde regarding the expulsion of Jews from all public posts ; documents regarding the Arian descent of employees in multiple Belgian companies and government organisations ; anti-Semitic leaflets, newspaper clippings, posters and postcards with anti-Semitic vignettes or stamps ; several letters and postcards sent to and from POWs ; certificate from the Geheim Leger - Armée Secrète (Secret Army) confirming that Mrs. Duriau-Blicq was a resistance fighter ; postcards and forms from the Theresienstadt / Terezin and Litzmannstadt / Lodz ghettos ; postcards from Stuttgart to the Association of Jews in Belgium requesting food parcels for Jews deported from Belgium and detained in Buchenwald ; letter from Siegfried Sonnenfeld, detained in Le Vernet and deported from France, to his family in Belgium ; a wartime ID issued to Edouard Van West ; a post-war ID issued to Alberthina Van West.
This collection contains an audio testimony of Anna Grunfeld-Landau ; a postcard sent by Anna's brother David Landau from the Monowitz camp to their parents in Belgium in 1944 ; two pre-war work permits of Jacob Landau ; two documents certifying the internment of Jacob Landau and Lea Blitzer at the Dossin barracks ; two magazine articles on hidden children and hiding in Lasne, Belgium ; seven pre-war photos of the Landau siblings, including a class photo taken at the Jesode Hatora school ; a war-time photo of Anna Landau at the Lasne children's home ; a post-war photo of Anna Landau.
In this interview Jenny Gutwirth talks about: her family fleeing Italy and surviving the war in Switzerland ; the survival story of her husband Emmanuel Neustetel, including the fate of his father Mojzesz Neustetel as a forced labourer in France, going into hiding in Laeken and Emmanuel’s band with his rescuer Frans Verbiest.
This collection consists of index cards containing information on 9,765 Jewish men, women and children who in general lived in Belgium before the Second World War and who were interned in or deported from French internment camps during the war. The group of index cards for a specific person can contain a file card drafted by the Sicherheitspolizei-Sicherheitsdienst in 1941-1944 in case of a person who fled Belgium in or after 1941 and a research request filed by a relative. Every group of index cards for a specific person contains handwritten file cards with information gathered post-war by members of the Belgian Mission for Searches in France at internment camps, archives of Foreign Labour Groups and deportation lists. The content of each file allows researchers to reconstruct the path of a detainee or deportee.
This collections consists of: two lists containing the names of Jewish and non-Jewish persons rescued by Florent Goffaux and Hélène Indekeu ; declarations regarding the rescue of André Paradis, Antoine Gosselin, Heinz Basch and Henri Drouin (with photos) ; a declaration regarding the death of Jean Lekime ; a statement signed by Salomon Muller ; an honorary certificate issued by the Union des Anciens Détenus et Rescapés de la Caserne Dossin de Malines to Florent Goffaux, and a note regarding Hélène Indekeu’s certificate ; two medals given to Florent Goffaux and Hélène Indekeu by the Union des Anciens Détenus et Rescapés de la Caserne Dossin de Malines ; four documents regarding the 1980 ceremony organised by the Comité d’Hommage des Juifs de Belgique à leurs Héros et Sauveurs.
This collection contains an audio interview of Anna Erlich-Liberman and 22 photos of : the Liberman-Weinberg family, including their three daughters Bertha, Julia and Rosalia Liberman ; siblings Anna and Rosa Erlich ; Vital Bertrand Lieberman and comrades at the Les Mazures camp in France ; Anna Erlich and her friends at the home of the Jewish Association (AJB or Jewish Council) in Lasne ; pre-war photos of Erlich and Liberman family members whom remained in Poland ; pre-war photo of Fryda Liberman ; post-war photos of Anna Erlich, her husband Vital Bertrand Lieberman and other family members ; group photo of the members of the National Friends Association of Political Prisoners of the Dannes camp.
This collection consists of two letters sent by Roza Bronsztajn to her husband Hersch alias Harry Anielewicz while he was detained in an Organisation Todt labour camp, and a postcard sent by Israel Ezryl Anielewicz while detained at the Jawischowitz camp to his wife Lea Maschkivitzan.
This collection consists of : a Megillah Esther, the scroll containing the book of Esther which is read twice during the Purim fest and which was rescued by Marcel Bracke from a Jewish home near the Antwerp city park in 1942 ; a copy of Marcel Bracke’s post-war forced labourer recognition card.
This collection contains three issues of « La Voix Internationale de la Résistance » ; two photos of the liberation of Bergen-Belsen ; seven photos of tombstones of Jewish resistance fighters who were killed in action or executed and were buried at the Tir National (National shooting range) in Brussels ; 74 photos and photonegatives depicting the armed Mouvement national belge (MNB) liberating Antwerp, protecting the harbour and undertaking military exercises ; a Sten machine gun and a hand grenade used by Alexandre Gourary while guarding the port of Antwerp ; a jacket worn by Alexandre Gourary as a member of the MNB ; twenty-seven documents including several post-war membership cards of the MNB, certificates proving Alexandre Gourary’s involvement in underground press, post-war correspondence between major Wilhelm von Hahn on the one hand and Elisabeth Trainin and Arthur Kohn on the other discussing Von Hahn’s anti-Nazi actions, Alexandre Gourary’s work permit for the retirement home Scheut in Anderlecht, and post-war documents of the Fédération Nationale des Anciens Combattants et Résistants Juifs de Belgique.
In this diary Mozes Isaak (Maurice) Sand recounts daily life as a forced labourer in an Organisation Todt camp in France (August-October 1942), as a refugee in France (winter 1942) and as a member of the French resistance (1943-1944). The notes include detailed reports on the treatment of Jews in the French camps, Mozes Isaak Sand’s return to Belgium in 1942, his personal life and international politics.