This collection consists of 20 issues of the Verordnungsblatt des Militärbefehlshabers in Belgien und Nordfrankreich, containing the anti-Jewish measures ordained in Belgium, including: legislation on ritual slaughter, determining who is Jewish, the municipal registration of Jews as of the age of 15, the registration and marking of Jewish shops and restaurants with placards, the exclusions of Jews from certain professions (government, educational, press, judicial and later medical professions), the residency restrictions (curfew and relocation sites in Belgium), the creation of the Association of Jews in Belgium, the ban on travelling abroad, the expulsion of Jewish pupils from non-Jewish schools, the compulsory employment for the Jewish unemployed, the confiscation of Jewish property by the German Reich and the wearing of the yellow badge.
The archives of the Association of Jews in Belgium (AJB), donated to the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance by the Martin Buber Institute, contain almost 3,500 documents which cover over 40 topics, including : copies of German decrees, the statutes and procedures of the AJB, files of the general and local committees (Brussels, Antwerp, Liège and smaller cities), interventions by the AJB with the German authorities, population registration, Jewish schools and children’s homes, the Arbeitseinsatz (forced labour) for Organisation Todt (France), convocations for the SS-Sammellager Mecheln / Dossin barracks (including release or visit requests), correspondence received from camps in the east, Jewish property and economy, elderly and childcare, mixed marriages and research on Arian descent, Jews with special status (Hungarian, Russian and Turkish), social welfare, prisons, the Breendonk camp, Commission for Public Aid, the German-Palestinian exchange, correspondence with organisations or persons abroad, with the Public Safety Office and with Belgian authorities, interventions, the Jewish Placing Service, Red Cross, Winter Aid, financial records, contributions, gifts, Sperrstunden Ausweiss, German documents and post-war documents. The collection also includes the journal of AJB leader Salomon Van den Berg and a report by AJB leader Maurice Benedictus on the situation of Jews in Belgium in 1940-1942.
This collection consists of 4,058 documents confiscated by the Front de l’Indépendance (Independent Front) at the offices of the Association of Jews in Belgium (AJB) – “Aide Spéciale Malines” [Special Assistance Mechelen department], after the liberation. The documents can be divided in five sections :
- Correspondence of the AJB : between the leading committee and local committees, between local committees, between the AJB and German or Belgian officials, between the AJB and Suisse, German, French and Dutch organisations, etc.
- Lists : e.g. employees of the AJB, Organisation Todt workers, Jews who received a convocation for forced labour (Arbeitseinsatzbefehl), packages and letters delivered to the Dossin barracks, etc.
- Documents of the subdivisions responsible for education, interventions, “Aide Spéciale Malines”, social welfare, emigration, etc.
- Correspondence and documents regarding the activities of the “Aide Spéciale Malines” department.
- Financial files and accounting : salaries of the Organisation Todt workers, clearings, liquidations, budget, financial gifts, membership fees, etc.
This collection contains: several pre-war Ketubah from the Springer-Chasman extended family ; immigration documents for the Chasman family ; documents regarding parcels sent by Adela Chasman to her future husband Jacques Springer, detained in Auschwitz ; a telegram sent by Nathan (Nico) Engelsman asking when Jacques Springer will join him in Sweden ; post-war documents regarding the health of Jacques Springer, regarding his recognition as a resistance fighter and regarding his war pension ; post-war documents regarding the death of Adela Chasman's sister Helena Chasman ; post-war documents and newspaper clippings regarding Jacques Springer's search for his brother Isidore Springer alias Van Vliet ; copies of municipal deeds such as marriage and birth certificates ; the manuscript "Holocaust and Resistance by the Jews in Belgium" by Maxime Steinberg ; a written testimony by Jacques Springer ; a time line of the Springer family history ; announcements, clippings and chapters relevant for the Springer family history ; pre-war and post-war photos of members of the extended Springer-Chasman family ; a photo of Adela Chasman wearing the yellow star ; photos of Isidore Springer's grave and the monument created in his honor in Israel.
This collection contains 34 photos, including : the Spinat children relaxing on the balcony of the family home in Antwerp, the Spinat children playing in the snow and with a dog, the Spinat children posing in the garden of their home in Antwerp, Doris (Dodi) Spinat dressed for a wedding, scenes depicting life at the La-Bas children's home in Aische-en-Refail led by the Association of Jews in Belgium, and a daughter of the Goffinet family which hid Doris Spinat in Péruwelz during the last weeks of the war.
This collection consists of: multiple press clippings collected by Annie Sliwka on the Aide aux Israélites Victimes de Guerre (AIVG) and the Wezembeek-Oppem children's home ; multiple databases created by Annie Sliwka, using lists and registries kept by the AIVG, the Jewish Social Services and children's homes run by the Association of Jews in Belgium ; photos of rescuers such as Brigitte Jacobsberg, caretaker at the Wezembeek-Oppem home ; recordings of the international gathering of children formerly housed in the homes of the AIVG organised in Brussels on 27-29 September 2002 ; recordings of Les Enfants sans Ombre and psychiatrist Siegi Hirsch from 2002 ; photocopies of documents illustrating Annie Sliwka’s family history obtained from various archives ; an interview with Annie Sliwka conducted by the staff of the Université Libre de Bruxelles on 15 January 1997.
This collection consists of four folders containing copies of historical documents on the persecution of the Jewish community and on the resistance in Jette. The documents include copies of items from the municipal archives of Jette, the Jewish Museum of Belgium, the Archives Service for War Victims, the State Archives of Belgium and Kazerne Dossin as well as information obtained by Jean-Paul Denis from family members of resistance fighters.
This collection contains: a pre-war class photograph of the Tachkemoni school ; pre-war wedding photos of the Reichman siblings and the Lipschitz siblings ; pre-war photos of the Reichman siblings and Lipschitz siblings with their spouses, children and friends ; a pre-war photo of Israel Lipschitz playing the violin ; wartime photos of Israel Lipschitz and his wife Rachel Mandel recta Kwadrat, including a photo of them wearing the yellow star ; a wartime photo of Jacob Marcovici, future husband of the donor, with the group of children he was hidden with ; wartime photos of Sam Lipschitz while serving as a soldier in the British army ; post-war photos of Sylvie Reichman who survived the war in hiding ; post-war photos of Fanny Reichman and her daughters in the company of their rescuer Misses Bellemans
This collection contains precious prints such as pamphlets, posters, books and other types of publications published before 1950. The topics include pre-war Jewish life, anti-Semitism, ideologies of various political movements, biographies of camp survivors, commemoration of resistance movements, German organisations such as the SS, post-war trials and war crimes. The publications do not only focus on Belgium, but also include publications from France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Czechoslovakia and the United States.
This collection contains: documents of Michel Van West and his family, detained at the Dossin barracks and deported via Transport XXIV ; documents of René Basch, detained at and released from the Dossin barracks ; a statement on behalf of Max Kirschen confirming his release from the Dossin barracks ; Rose Goldine 's payment slip proving her membership of the Association of Jews in Belgium ; certificate exempting Charles Sternberg from wearing the yellow star ; order addressed to Laure Nejman-Reich to report to the Sipo-SD headquarters in Brussels ; one worn yellow star ; postcard from Max Margulies, deported from Drancy and working as a slave labourer in Jawiszowice, to his sister Hermine Margulies in Antwerp ; letter from the Association of Jews in Belgium accompanying the Arbeitseinsatzbefehl or work orders ; Arbeitseinsatzbefehl or work order addressed to Alta Bajla Czeresznja and Rozia Klarman, both deported from France ; leaflet of the Association of Jews in Belgium regarding the requirements of packages delivered to the Dossin barracks ; parcel request form filled out by Ida Radunska, liberated at the Dossin barracks, and Rosa Erlich and Sara Stefanie Spitz, both deported via Transport XXIII ; documents from the Red Cross regarding the delivery of parcels to the Dossin barracks ; circular letter from the city of Vilvoorde regarding the expulsion of Jews from all public posts ; documents regarding the Arian descent of employees in multiple Belgian companies and government organisations ; anti-Semitic leaflets, newspaper clippings, posters and postcards with anti-Semitic vignettes or stamps ; several letters and postcards sent to and from POWs ; certificate from the Geheim Leger - Armée Secrète (Secret Army) confirming that Mrs. Duriau-Blicq was a resistance fighter ; postcards and forms from the Theresienstadt / Terezin and Litzmannstadt / Lodz ghettos ; postcards from Stuttgart to the Association of Jews in Belgium requesting food parcels for Jews deported from Belgium and detained in Buchenwald ; letter from Siegfried Sonnenfeld, detained in Le Vernet and deported from France, to his family in Belgium ; a wartime ID issued to Edouard Van West ; a post-war ID issued to Alberthina Van West.
This collection consists of work copies of miscellaneous photos on the Holocaust in general and the Belgian case in particular, stored in dozens of institutes worldwide. The copies were entrusted to the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance in 1994-1996, in order to create its permanent exhibition.
This collection consists of work copies of miscellaneous newspapers, magazines, clandestine press and clippings on the Holocaust in general and the Belgian case in particular, stored in mostly Belgian institutes. The copies were entrusted to the Jewish Museum of Deportation and Resistance in 1994-1996, in order to create its permanent exhibition.
The collection "membership forms of the Association of Jews in Belgium" contains digitised copies of ca. 12,000 registration forms filled in by Jewish families in Belgium, which became members of this organisation as was required after the decree of 25 November 1941. Each form consists of the names of every family member living under the same roof, their dates and places of birth, their date of immigration, their faith, their profession, the family address, the number of rooms in the house and the property owner.
In this interview Maurice Horoit alias Horowitz talks about: his youth in Antwerp, Belgium ; antisemitism in Antwerp ; his friends at the Tachkemoni school ; fleeing to and hiding in France ; making his way to Switzerland with his brother and surviving there ; the reunion with his parents and their repatriation to Belgium.
This collection contains documents regarding Manes alias Martin Klinger's life in Germany, his work for copyright agencies including Auteursbureau ALMO, Independant Management Entity, attestations from employers, correspondence, his passport, documents regarding his service in the German army during the First World War, family photos and two medals awarded to Manes Klinger.
This collection contains: two pieces of yellow cloth containing each three Belgian stars of David which were never cut from the fabric or worn ; two letters sent by relatives to Rachel Carolina Liwszyc while she was in hiding as Lina Pasqual ; a report on the history of the Liwszyc- Jagolkowska family written during the procedure to recognize rescuer Jeanne Periphanos as Righteous among the Nations ; the diploma of Righteous issued to Jeanne Periphanos in 2007 ; a letter signed by Yad Vashem confirming that the title of Righteous among the Nations was issued to Jeanne Periphanos ; a photo of the medal of Righteous awarded to Jeanne Periphanos
This collection contains: the IDs of siblings Jakob Lewkowicz and Perla Lewkowicz; six photos of the Lewkowicz family including photos of the Lewkowicz family at the time of their migration to Belgium, photos of youngest daughter Rosine Regine Lewkowicz and photos of the Lewkowicz children with friends.
This collection consists of the bank vaults which were not claimed by their original owners post-war. The owners were both Jewish and non-Jewish war victims or refugees who did not return to Belgium. The vaults do not contain any valuables, but documents including securities and personal documents, family photos, and objects such as cutlery, photo cameras and tableware.
This collection is not accessible to third parties. Relatives who might be entitled to the content of one of the vaults are requested to contact email@example.com
The German decree of 28 October 1940 made it compulsory for all Jews from the age of 15 to register in the Jewish register of the municipality where they officially lived. The names of younger children were added to the forms of the parents (in most cases the copy of the father). Each form has room for the following information : surname, first names, date and place of birth, profession, nationality, religion, date of arrival in Belgium, the country of migration, successive addresses, date and place of registration, and the person’s signature, but also name, date and place of birth and religion of the spouse, the parents, the grandparents and the children. However, in case of the Jewish Register of Antwerp in most cases only surname, first names, date and place of birth, nationality, successive addresses, date of arrival in Belgium and the names of children were filled out.
This collection contains 2,913 index cards which refer to the Möbelaktion (Räumung), the spoliation of Jewish homes, in Antwerp. Each index card contains the address of a plundered home, the name of the Jewish resident, the date of the clearance and a file number referring to a more comprehensive file, which no longer exists today.
In this interview Guy Elie Francès talks about: the migration of the Frances family from Greece to Belgium via the Netherlands ; his childhood in Brussels ; daily life at the family home in the Jewish neighbourhood of Saint-Gilles, Brussels ; his family’s escape during the anti-Jewish raid on Brussels in the night of 3 on 4 September 1942 ; hiding in Liège ; family life after the Liberation.
This collection contains a bowler hat worn by Louis Bloch, father of donor Jean Bloch, as well as documents and photos regarding the Gruszow-Oppenheimer family, including family documents (work permits, passports, a wedding booklet, etc.) of Feiwel Gruszow and his wife Ilse Oppenheimer, letters sent by Feiwel Gruszow and Ilse Oppenheimer after their arrest to their hidden daughter Félicie Gruszow, a ready-to-wear yellow star and photos of the Gruszow-Oppenheimer family taken before the war.
This collection contains: pre-war and wartime pictures of Sarah Goldberg’s family, and a group photo of repatriated female Auschwitz survivors ; a testimony written post-war by Sarah Goldberg, documenting her experiences in the concentration camps ; documents regarding the wartime and post-war life of the family of Jacques Goldberg, future husband of Sarah Goldberg, in hiding as the Goffin family, including several fake Belgian IDs ; propaganda leaflets ; three worn yellow stars ; photocopy of a letter sent by Sarah Goldberg and her fiancée Henri Wajnberg after their arrest to Henri’s family ; post-war ID cards and certificates documenting Sarah and Jacques Goldberg's membership of several communist and Jewish resistance networks and survivor associations, including the Independent Front or Front de l’Indépendance ; three post-war paintings depicting Sarah Goldberg ; photos and documents regarding the recognition of priest Laurent Couppé, rescuer of the family of Jacques Goldberg, as Righteous among the Nations by Yad Vashem, and the planting of a tree in his honour ; the obituary of Laurent Couppé in the magazine “Geloof en Leven” ; a pamphlet documenting Jacques and Sarah Goldberg’s life drafted for the inauguration of the street in Brussels named after them in 2013.
This collection consists of six files regarding the implementation of anti-Jewish measures in Sint-Jans-Molenbeek:
KD_00015_0001: Circulars addressed to the municipality of Sint-Jans-Molenbeek regarding the creation of a Jewish Register, the addition of a stamp ‘Jood-Juif’ on the ID cards of Jewish inhabitants, the elimination of the German nationality for Jews, the wearing of the yellow badge and the Arbeitseinsatz (convocations for forced labour) in August 1942
KD_00015_0002: The Jewish Register of Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, which consists of 553 forms. Each form lists the following information: surname, first names, date and place of birth, profession, nationality, religion, date of arrival in Belgium, the country of migration, successive addresses, date and place of registration, and the person’s signature, but also name, date and place of birth and religion of the spouse, the parents, the grandparents and the children. Children younger than 15 were registered on their parents’ entry.
KD_00015_0003: An alphabetical list of all Jews living in Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, mentioning their full name, date and place of birth, profession and address.
KD_00015_0004: A handwritten repertory of 140 Jews from Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, mentioning their name and the number of their form in the Jewish Register of the municipality.
KD_00015_0005: Copy of Le Moniteur belge – Belgisch Staatsblad (Belgian official journal) of 21 March 1942, containing the statutes of the Association of Jews in Belgium.
KD_00015_0006: Photos of the original binder containing the Jewish Register of Sint-Jans-Molenbeek
This collection contains a pre-war photo of the complete De Metz family, a photo of middle son Henri De Metz wearing the yellow badge in 1942 and a request for food and clothes sent by the De Metz family members detained at the Dossin barracks to their son and brother Benjamin De Metz in Antwerp.