In this interview Sauveur Eskenazi talks about: his youth in Marseille, France ; his family's arrest and their internment in the camps Royallieu near Compiègne and Drancy near Paris ; their deportation to Auschwitz-Birkenau ; his life as a forced labourer in Auschwitz, Warsaw and Dachau ; his liberation in Plzeň (Pilsen) by the Soviet army and his repatriation to France ; his post-war family life in Belgium.
This collection consists of two letters and a postcard sent by Sara de Leeuw to her friend Annie Boekelaer during Sara's internment at camp Vught in the Netherlands, and a photo of an unidentified woman (possibly Sara de Leeuw).
This collection contains eight photos including two portraits of the deported Gabrielle Samoszul, five photos of post-war commemorations at the he former SS-Sammellager Mecheln (Dossin barracks) and one photo of a celebration by members of the Union des Déportés Juifs et Ayants Droit de Belgique [Belgian Association of Jewish Deportees and their Proprietors].
This collection contains a photo of Joseph Sadowski and Ida Brawerman, parents of the donor ; a postwar testimony from a fellow prisoner of Ida Brawerman regarding her last sighting in the Beendorf concentration camp ; an administrative document regarding German postwar payments to the Sadowski family ; a letter from Anna Sadowski to “Sinterklaas”, asking for specific gifts at the traditional children's feast on 6 December, written on paper with the letterhead of her parents’ company ; photocopies of documents regarding the deportation of Joseph Sadowski and Ida Brawerman, the originals stored at several Belgian archives (available at the Kazerne Dossin documentation center only).
This collection contains: documents regarding Natan Rozenblum’s migration to Belgium, including his Polish passport ; two tailor’s sketchbooks containing drawings for clothing ; pre-war, wartime and post-war photos of the Rozenblum-Suknik family, some of which are pasted into a photo album, including a photo of Charles Rozenblum’s first communion and photos of relatives in Poland ; documents confiscated from Natan Rozenblum upon arrival at the Dossin barracks, including a real and a fake ID card ; a bible and other catholic items such as prayer cards obtained by Charles Rozenblum during his time in hiding ; copies of the baptism register containing Charles Rozenblum’s real name ; post-war documents regarding the resistance activities of Natan Rozenblum who worked for the Milices Patriotiques as well as for the Jewish Defence Committee ; medals and certificates accorded posthumously to Natan Rozenblum for his resistance activities ; multiple post-war testimonies written by Curtla Suknik, documenting the resistance work done by her husband Natan Rozenblum ; a postwar newspaper in Yiddish containing an article on Natan Rozenblum ; photos and documents of camp survivor Szyja Suknik.
The “Relics” collection comprises 3,065 envelopes. Each contains personal documents confiscated by the Aufnahme (camp administration) at the SS-Sammellager Mecheln (Dossin barracks) upon arrival of a detainee at the barracks. The documents range from photographs to letters, ID cards, university diplomas, marriage certificates, etc. Each envelope refers to a single detainee or a family. Most of these detainees were eventually deported via Transport XX to XXVI. No “Relics” exist for deportees from Transports I to XIX. However, several dozen of the envelopes contain documents of detainees who passed away at the Dossin barracks or who died at the Breendonk camp for political prisoners, who were released from the Dossin barracks or who were deported to smaller camps such as Buchenwald and Ravensbrück.
This collection contains photos of the Rajter family, including: passport photos and wedding photos of Estera Rajter and Abram Ciechanow, photos of Estera Rajter and Abram Ciechanow with their son Willy Rajter (Ciechanow), a photo of Willy Rajter (Marks) and his mother Gitla Rajter, and wartime photos of Willy Rajter while housed at the Baron de Castro children’s home led by the Association of Jews in Belgium.
This collection contains: pre-war photos of the Souritz-Grabowetzki family, including photos of the deported Abraham Echiel Souritz and his children Willy and Paulette ; pre-war photos of the family of Mozes alias Max Blumberg, second husband of Jeanne Grabowetzki, widow of Abraham Echiel Souritz ; war-time photos of Rachel Souritz' son Albert Souritz, taken while the child was in hiding in Mechelen ; post-war photos of Max Blumberg and Jeanne Grabowetzki ; a wartime school report of Paulette Souritz ; documents on the deportation of Abraham Echiel, Willy and Paulette Souritz and on the repatriation of Max Blumberg.
This collection contains precious prints such as pamphlets, posters, books and other types of publications published before 1950. The topics include pre-war Jewish life, anti-Semitism, ideologies of various political movements, biographies of camp survivors, commemoration of resistance movements, German organisations such as the SS, post-war trials and war crimes. The publications do not only focus on Belgium, but also include publications from France, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Czechoslovakia and the United States.
This item is a postcard sent by Edith Silbiger, while detained at the Dossin barracks and working as a secretary there, to her parents in Forest, Brussels, in 1942. The item contains information on the exchange of letters and requested items.
This collection contains photocopies of the following documents : marriage certificate of Nachman Papierbuch and Ruth Oppenheimer ; membership forms of the Jewish Association of Belgium (Association des Juifs en Belgique, AJB) ; receipts of financial donations to charity ; letter confirming Nachman Papierbuch’s membership of the Free Diamond trade ; postwar certificate confirming the hiding of Ruth Oppenheimer, her son José and other family members including Félicie Gruszow at Petit-Han ; certificate signed by moving company Arthur Pierre confirming the clearing out of the Papierbuch-Oppenheimer family home in 1943.
This collection contains : photos of the British inmates of Ilag VIII/Z among whom Philippe Oscherowitz, Maurice Bernard Fishel and Leonard Fishel, including propaganda photos of prisoners at the Ilag swimming pool and theatrical and musical spectacles performed by the inmates ; family photos of Belgian citizen David Oscherowitz, his wife Clara Risnik and their daughter Eva Oscherowitz ; photos of David Oscherowitz taken during his military service in the Belgian army in 1935-1936 ; photos of unidentified family members and friends of the Oscherowitz family.
The collection contains documents, photos, printed press and objects including : several postwar newsletters, newspapers and a book on the Breendonk camp ; false IDs used by the donor's aunt in France and false ID and empty ID of her father Zelman Simon Oberman ; post-war work permits ; prewar Russian passports and visa applications ; letters from Sonia Wisniky in France to her son Zelman Simon Oberman in Brussels and Breendonk and to her husband Ephraim Frans Oberman in Belgium ; letters sent by Ephraim Franz Oberman, paternal grandfather of the donor, from the internment camp in Rekem, Limburg, to his son Zelman Simon Oberman and to the Belgian authorities ; prewar and postwar photos of the Oberman family and of the Breendonk fortress ; the cane of Ephraim Frans Oberman, a bullet found by Zelman Simon Oberman in May 1940, and a uniform badge.
This collection contains: the French ID card of Chuma Rajzel Galant-Holcman ; pre-war family photos of the extended Obstfeld-Fleischer and Zwaaf-Vos families, including childhood, wedding and vacation photos ; photos of the Obstfeld-Zwaaf family after fleeing to France during the war; photos of Norbert Vos and his mother Lea Zwaaf while hiding in Kortrijk with the Verhage family ; photos of Elisabeth alias Lilly Zwaaf and her husband Maurice Da Cunha living in India during the war ; post-war photos of Norbert, his mother Lea Zwaaf and his stepfather Emiel Vos ; photos of Emiel Vos’s deported family members and friends ; Abraham alias Albert Obstfeld and Lea Zwaaf’s wedding menu ; documents regarding the rescue of Norbert Vos-Obstfeld by the Verhage family ; the goodbye letter sent by Albert Obstfeld to his family while detained at the Dossin barracks in 1942 ; documents regarding the repatriation of camp survivor Emiel Vos, stepfather of Norbert Vos-Obstfeld ; the fake ID of Lea Zwaaf ; a published collection of drawings on Buchenwald by Henri Pieck ; a REX pin ; a teddy bear given to Norbert by his “hiding sister” Mona Verhage.
This collection contains : a picture of non-deported Baruch (Bernhard) Neumann and his mother-in-law Maria Fridman ; pictures of deported family members of Baruch (Bernhard) Neumann and his wife Bajla Liba Wolfsztat, e.g. Baruch's brother Maurice (Moise) Neuman, his wife Enia Leszcz and their children Raymonde Sara and Adolf, Baruch's brother David Isaac Neumann, his wife Jenny (Jeanne) Lewkowitz and their son Henri, and Bajla Liba's sister Ruchla Wolfsztat, her husband Maurice (Moszek Pinkus) Cygler and their sons Abram and Leon ; three letters written by Israel Heinz (Henri) Alexandrowicz/Aleksandrowicz to Nelly Dechesne, mother of Danielle Vincken, after they had met during the flight to France in May 1940.
This collection contains 14 photocopies of documents : regarding the interment of Moszek Morgen in the Saint-Gilles prison and the Fort of Breendonk, regarding the trial against Suzanne Duchesne who tried to bribe a Sicherheitspolizei-Sicherheitsdienst member to liberate her Jewish husband Moszek Morgen and a prewar work permit for Moszek Morgen. The collection also contains three photos of Moszek Morgen, including one with an unidentified woman, presumably his wife Suzanne Duchesne.
This collection consists of: photos of Leon Meisel, his wife Rachel Goldstein and their children Catherine alias Katja and Philippe Meisel who were all deported and murdered ; a photo of family friend Florence Ciparisse who tried to rescue Philippe Meisel ; a photo of Sacha Goldstein, cousin of Rachel Goldstein, who visited Namur in the 1960s to look for traces of his deported relatives ; a business card of one of the Meisel-Goldstein family friends who assisted Sacha Goldstein in his search ; three letters from Sacha Goldstein to the Ciparisse sisters commemorating the deportation of his relatives and recounting his research ; three newspaper clippings on the death of abbé Joseph André, Righteous among the Nations from Namur.
This collection contains documents regarding Manes alias Martin Klinger's life in Germany, his work for copyright agencies including Auteursbureau ALMO, Independant Management Entity, attestations from employers, correspondence, his passport, documents regarding his service in the German army during the First World War, family photos and two medals awarded to Manes Klinger.
This collection contains a letter thrown out of deportation transport XXII A by Ernestine alias Esther Lupu and three pre-war photos of Bella, Arlette and Ernestine (Esther) Lupu and their mother Adela Sigal.
This collection contains pre-war passport photos from Looft (Louft) family members, including Marcus Looft, his brother Mozes Louft, his sister Betsy Louft and their mother Braine Bolda; pre-war holiday photos; a pre-war school picture including Marcus Looft; wedding photos of Marcus’s best friend Maurice (unidentified); a wedding photo of Betsy Louft and Maurice Poznanski; post-war family pictures of Marcus Looft with his wife Constance Van Beek and their daughter Liliane; post-war family photos of hidden child Mina Poznanski (alias Louft, adopted Bols); a photo of Mozes Louft’s tombstone; a newspaper article about the trial against Breendonk camp commander Philipp Schmitt, mentioning the murder of Mozes Louft (Luft) at the camp.